The Effect of Eight Weeks of Yoga Training on Students' Mental Health at Marvdasht Branch of Islamic Azad University

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran


Introduction: Mental health is one of the important components of health, the ability to balance in life and resist problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of yoga training on mental health of male and female university students.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 60 students of Islamic Azad University of Marvdasht Branch were selected and divided into two groups: yoga training and control. The yoga training group performed yoga training for eight weeks, three sessions per week, and each session for 90 minutes. The control group only had their daily activities during this period. Before the beginning of the study and at the end of the study period, mental health was measured by the GHQ questionnaire. To analyze the findings, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, paired sample t-test and analysis of covariance were used (p≤0.05). Results: Eight weeks of yoga training had a significant effect on the increase in mental health score of male and female students (p = 0.001); the level of mental health following eight weeks of yoga training in female students was more favorable than male students (p =0.03). Eight weeks of yoga training have a significant effect on the improvement of physical symptoms (p= 0.001), insomnia anxiety (p= 0.001), and depression symptoms in male and female students (p= 0.002). However, eight weeks of yoga training have no significant effect on the improvement of social dysfunction in male and female students (p= 0.53). Conclusion: It seems that eight weeks of yoga training can improve mental health of students.


  1. Sediq S. Studying the life style of athlete and non-athlete students in Rasht. Master's Degree in Psychology, University of Guilan; 2003.
  2. Hasan Tehrani T, Karami Kabir N, Sheraghi F. The relationship between emotional intelligence, mental health and academic achievement in neyshabour nursing students. Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2012; 20 (3): 35- 45.
  3. Lu L. University transition: major and minor life stressors, personality characteristics and mental health. Psychol Med. 1994; 24: 81- 87.
  4. Ratous S. General psychology. Translated by Ebrahimi Moghaddam Hossein. Tehran Savalan Publication; 2007.
  5. Retteck SL. Cultural difference and similarities in cognitive appraisals and emotional responses new school for social research: Dissertation abstract international. 1990.
  6. Krystal AD. Psychiatric disorders and sleep. Neurol Clin. 2012; 30 (4): 1389- 1413.
  7. Namdar Areshtanab H, Ebrahimi H, Sahebihagh M, Arshadi Bostanabad M. Mental health and its relationship with academic achievement in students of Tabriz nursing-midwifery faculty. IJMS. 2013; 13 (2): 146- 152.
  8. McCartney N. Role of resistance training in heart disease. J Med Sci. 2000; 10: 369- 402.
  9. Abell J, Hootman J, Zack M, Moriarty D, Helmick C. Physical activity and health related quality of life among people with arthritis. J Epidemiol Community Health.2005; 59 (5): 380- 385.
  10. De Bruin EI, Formsma AR, Frijstein G, Bögels SM. Mindful2Work: Effects of combined physical exercise, yoga, and mindfulness meditations for stress relieve in employees. A proof of concept study. Mindfulness. 2017; 8 (1): 204- 217.‏
  11. Amaranath B. Effect of integrated yoga module on positive and negative emotions in home guards in Bengaluru: A wait list randomized control trail. Int J Yoga. 2016; 9: 35- 43.
  12. Wilks B. Stress management for athletes. Sports Med. 1991; 11 (5): 289- 299.
  13. Vera FM, Manzaneque JM, Maldonado EF, Carranque GA, Rodriguez FM, Blanca MJ, et al. Subjective sleep quality and hormonal modulation in long-term yoga practitioners. Biol Psychol. 2009; 81 (3): 164- 168.‏
  14. Singh S, Malhotra V, Singh KP, Sharma SB, Madhu SV, Tandon OP. A preliminary report on the role of yoga asanas on oxidative stress in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Indian J Clin Biochem. 2001; 16 (2): 216- 220.
  15.  Seyed Hosseini M. Yoga effect on mental health and self- esteem of deaf girls. Senior Thesis. Tehran Payam Noor University; 2011.
  16. Kosuri M, Sridhar, GR. Yoga training in diabetes improve physical and psychological outcomes. Metab Synder Relat Disord. 2009; 7 (6): 515- 517.
  17. Rueter LE, Jacobs BL. A microdialysis examination of serotonin release in the rat forebrain induced by behavioral/environmental manipulations.Brain Res. 2006; 739 (1-2): 57- 69.
  18. Sadeghian E, Farhadi Nasab A, Falahinia Gh. The study of mental health status in students of hamadan university of medical sciences in 2006. J Evol Dev Med Edu. 2008; 1 (1): 44- 52.
  19. Tabrizizadeh M, Yasini Ardakani SM, Rostamzade P, Zare M. The mental health status of students of Medicine and Dentistry; a study in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Strides Develop Med Educ. 2012; 9 (2): 153- 161.
  20. Clay CC, Lloyd LK, Walker JL. The metabolic cost of hatha yoga. J Strength Cond Res. 2015; 19: 604- 610.
  21. Rezaei K, Ghanei R. Yoga effects on anxiety in patients with breast cancer under chemotherapy, Jentashapir. J Health Res. 2013; 1 (1): 1- 9.
  22. Hasani-Saadi S, Saeedi AA. Study of the effect of yoga exercises on anxiety and sleep quality of patients with chronic heart failure in Kerman city in 2015. Daneshvar Med. 2017; 24 (126): 35- 44.
  23. Thordardottir K, Gudmundsdottir R, Zoëga H, Valdimarsdottir UA, Gudmundsdottir B. Effects of yoga training on stress-related symptoms in the aftermath of an earthquake: a community-based controlled trial. Complement Ther Med. 2014; 22 (2): 226- 234.‏
  24. Dimitrios P, Postolos P, Maria K, Konstantinos S. Nonpharmacologic interventions for improving sleep disturbances in patients with lung cancer: A systematic review and meta- analysis. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018; 55 (5): 1364- 1381.