The Mediating Role of Self- Control in the Relationship between Emotion Regulation and Addiction Potential among Students

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Counseling, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Psychological factors are very important variables in the addiction potential. The aim of current research was to investigate the mediating role of self-control in the relationship between emotion regulation and addiction potential among university students. Methods: This research was cross-sectional correlational. The statistical population of the present study included students from Yasouj University in the academic year 2017-18. 394 of the university students were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method and responded to the Iranian scale of addiction potential, emotion regulation subscale, and self-control scale. The gathered data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient, regression analysis, path analysis and sobel test (p≤0.05). Results: Results showed that, emotion regulation could negatively predict addiction potential (p=0.01) and positively predict self-control (p=0.01). Also emotion regulation could indirectly predict addiction potential with the mediating role of self- control (p=0.01) Conclusion: The results of current research implies the importance of psychological factors such as emotion regulation and self- control in explaining addiction potential. Also, the role of emotional regulation in direct and indirect explanation of addiction is important.

Keywords


Sussman S, Sussman S. Considering the definition of addiction. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011; 8 (10): 4025- 4038.
Lander L, Howsare J, Byrne M. The impact of substance use disorders on families and children: from theory to practice. Soc Work Public Health. 2013; 28 (0): 194- 205.
Volkow ND, Li TK. Drugs and alcohol: treating and preventing abuse, addiction and their medical consequences. Pharmacol Ther.2005; 108 (1): 3- 17.
Sai L,Luo S, Ward A, Sang B. Development of the tendency to use emotion regulation strategies and their relation to depressive symptoms in chinese adolescents. Front Psychol. 2016; 7: 1222- 1226.
Sheppes G, Suri G, Gross JJ. Emotion regulation and psychopathology. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2015; 11: 379- 405.
Aldao A, Nolen-Hoeksema S, Schweizer S. Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: a meta-analytic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010; 30 (2): 217- 237.
Aldao A, Nolen-Hoeksema S. Specificity of cognitive emotion regulation strategies: a tran’s diagnostic examination. Behav Res Ther. 2010; 48 (10): 974- 983.
Paquet C, Kergoat MJ, Dubé L. The role of everyday emotion regulation on pain in hospitalized elderly: insights from a prospective within-day assessment. Pain J. 2005; 115 (3): 355- 363.
Baumeister RF, Vohs KD, Tice DM. The strength model of self-control. Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2007; 16 (6): 351- 355.
Boals A, Vandellen MR, Banks JB. The relationship between self-control and health: The mediating effect of avoidant coping. Psychol Health. 2011; 26 (8): 1049- 1062.
Li C, Dang J, Zhang X, Zhang Q, Guo J. Internet addiction among chinese adolescents: the effect of parental behavior and self-control. Comput Hum Behav. 2014; 41: 1- 7.
Li J,Delvecchio E, Lis A, Nie Y, RisoD.Positive coping as mediator between self-control and life satisfaction: Evidence from two Chinese samples. Personal Individ Differ. 2016; 97: 130- 133.
Zargar Y, Najjarian B, Naami A. Investigating the relationship between personality characteristics (sensation seeking, assertivenss and psychological hardiness), religious attitude and marital satisfaction with drug addiction potential. Shahid Chamran Uni J Edu Sci Psychol. 2008; 1 (3): 99- 120.
Tangney P, Baumeister F, Luzioboone A. High self- control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades and interpersonal success. J Pers. 2004; 72: 271- 324.
Kazemi Rezaei SA, Moradi A, Hasani J. A comparative study on emotional regulation, selfcontrol, and defense mechanisms in patients with cardiovascular diseases or diabetes, and healthy people. IJPN. 2018; 6 (1): 42- 51.
Ghasemi jobaneh R, Mousavi SV, Zanipoor A, Hoseini Seddigh M. The relationship between mindfulness and emotion regulation with academic Procrastination of Students. ESMS. 2016; 9 (2): 135- 140.
Karimi S. Early maladaptive schemas versus emotional intelligence in substance addicts and non-addicts living in tehran. Life Sci J. 2013; 10 (1): 481- 486.
Nabiei A, Karamafrooz M, Afsharnia K. The comparison emotional intelligence and hardiness in addicts and non addicts. J Business Manag Rev. 2014; 3 (7): 196- 204.
Limonero J, Tomás-Sábado J, Fernández-Castro J. Perceived emotional intelligence and its relation to tobacco and cannabis use among university students. Psicothema. 2006; 18: 95- 100.
Veenstra MY, Lemmens PH, Friesema IH, Tan FE, Garretsen HF, Knottnerus JA, et al. Coping style mediates impact of stress on alcohol use: a prospective population-based study. Addiction. 2007; 102 (12): 1890- 1998.
Ent M, Baumeister R, Tice D. Trait self-control and the avoidance of temptation. Personal Individ Differ. 2015; 74: 12- 15.
Crews F, Boettiger C. Impulsivity, frontal lobes and risk for addiction. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009; 93 (3): 237- 247.
Hyman S, Hong K, Chaplin T, Dabre Z, Comegys A, Kimmerling A, et al. Stress- coping profile of opioid dependent individuals entering naltrexone treatment: a comparison with healthy controls. Psychol Addict Behav. 2009; 23 (4): 613– 619.