Behavioral disorders in children born with infertility treatments compared with children born with natural methods

Document Type : Original Article


1 MA in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran

2 Psychiatrist, Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Assistant professor,Women specialist,fellowship IVF, faculty of medical sciences Kerman


Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate behavioral disorders in children born with infertility treatments and children born with normal fertility. Childhood is the most important stage of life in which a person’s personality is founded and formed and any neglect of that can lead to problems and conflicts after the childhood.
Methods: The present study was a causative and comparative survey. The target statistical population of this study included children born with assisted reproductive techniques and the ones born with natural methods of fertility. The samples of this study were gathered randomly from 30 children born with assisted reproductive techniques in cases in IVF ward in Kerman Afzalipour hospital. After homogenizing the children born with natural methods of fertility with the first group based on gender, age, education level, father’s occupation, and family members, 30 subjects were selected. For data collection, Quay and Peterson revised checklist was used which is a standard instrument. To describe the data, descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation and frequency were used and inferential statistics were applied to compare the means and independent t test was used to investigate the data.
Results: The obtained results showed a significant difference between the behavioral disorders and its components including attention-immaturity and anxiety-reticence, but there was no significant relationship between elements of aggression and conduct disorder.
Conclusion: This study showed that the kind of fertilization effective on behavioral disorders in children.


1. Khodam H, Modanlu M, Ziaei T, Keshtkar AA. Behavioral disorders and related factors in school age children of Gorgan. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research 2009; 4(14): 29-37. [In Persian].
2. Wissink IB, Deković M, Yağmur Ş, Stams GJ, de Haan M. Ethnic identity, externalizing problem behavior and the mediating role of self-esteem among Dutch, Turkish-Dutch and Moroccan -Dutch adolescents. J Adolesc 2008; 31(2): 223-40.
3. Rafei F. Compare the prevalence of behavioral disorders of primary school children in two descriptive and quantitative evaluation system [Dissertation]. Islamic Azad University; 2011. [In Persian].
4. Pandina GJ, Bilder R, Harvey PD, Keefe RS, Aman MG, Gharabawi G. Risperidone and cognitive function in children with disruptive behavior disorders. Biol Psychiatry 2007; 62(3): 226-34.
5. Shakeri J, Hosaini M, Golshani S, Sadeghi K, Faizallahi V.
Evaluation of public health, coping and marital satisfaction in infertile women undergoing IVF. Journal of Reproduction and Infertility. 2006;7(3):269-275. [In Persian].
6. Okhravi N, Harimi AA. Pregnancy outcome of assisted reproductive technology ART for mother and child. First Congress of Gynaecology and Reproductive Health. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery; 2012. [In Persian].
7. Bay B, Mortensen EL, Hvidtjørn D, Kesmodel US. Fertility treatment and risk of childhood and adolescent mental disorders: register based cohort study. BMJ 2013; 347: f3978.
8. Shahim S.Qanbary Faridi M. Czech revised list of behavioral problems (Quay-Peterson). 1st ed. Shiraz: Shiraz promise; 2014. [In Persian].
9. Levy-Shiff R, Vakil E, Dimitrovsky L, Abramovitz M, Shahar N, Har-Even D, et al. Medical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes in school-age children conceived by in-vitro fertilization. J Clin Child Psychol. 1998; 27(3): 320-9.
10. Klemetti R, Sevón T, Gissler M, Hemminki E. Health of children born as a result of in vitro fertilization. Pediatrics 2006; 118(5): 1819-27.
11. Wagenaar K, Huisman J, Cohen-Kettenis PT, Delemarre-van de Waal HA. An overview of studies on early development, cognition, and psychosocial well-being in children born after in vitro fertilization. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2008; 29(3): 219-30.
12. Raoul-Duval A, Bertrand-Servais M, Frydman R. Comparative prospective study of the psychological development of children born by in vitro fertilization and their mothers. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 1993; 14(2): 117-26.